WA adult diagnosed with meningococcal

Stock image.
Stock image.

A WA adult has been diagnosed with mengingococcal disease, bringing the number of cases in the state this year to 14.

The person has been diagnosed with the serotype B strain.

Of the 14 cases, four have been serogroup B, five serogroup W and five serogroup C meningococcal infections.

Meningococcal disease is an uncommon, life-threatening illness caused by a bacterial infection of the blood and/or the membranes that line the spinal cord and brain, and occasionally of other sites, such as the throat, lungs or large joints.

A total of 41 cases were notified in WA in 2018.

This was less than the 46 cases notified in 2017, but well above the long term average for annual cases.

With appropriate treatment, most people with the disease recover, although around 5 to 10 per cent will die and around 15 per cent may experience complications such as hearing loss, or gangrene requiring skin grafts or amputations.